Suspected PAM death closes Stillwater's Lily Lake to swimmers - FOX 35 News Orlando

Lily Lake closed to swimmers after suspected PAM death

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Photo credit: CDC Photo credit: CDC
STILLWATER, Minn. (KMSP) -

Health officials have closed Lily Lake to swimmers until further notice while the Minnesota Department of Health investigates the death of a boy who appears to have fallen victim to a rare form of meningitis caused by an amoeba found in warm freshwater.

Officials suspect 9-year-old Jack Ariola was killed by primary amebic meningoencephalitis, also known as PAM; however, they are still waiting confirmation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He was taken off life support on Tuesday.

The boy's father, Jim Ariola of Wyoming, Minn., told the St. Paul Pioneer Press his son swam in Lily Lake early to mid last week, where he frequently swam with his sisters. Ariola says his son was traveling with his mother in Grand Marais when the infection took hold Friday.

"He didn't -- he didn't know who I was," Jim Ariola told FOX 9 News.

Ariola said his son loved hockey and wrestling. He was getting ready to start fourth grade in Stillwater this fall, and was set to start a hockey clinic on Wednesday night. 

"Last year, he wanted to watch every playoff hockey game that was on," Ariola recalled. "It's all he wanted to do -- hockey, hockey, hockey."

From all the sticks the boy collected at hockey games to the picture of a 4-year-old Jack Ariola sitting inside the Stanley Cup during the playoffs, it's easy to see that father and son shared a strong bond in the state of hockey. Now, Ariola is hoping other parents will learn from his loss and remember that life is fragile and short.

"Love your kids, you know," he urged. "Whether they don't want the hugs and kisses or not, just do it anyway because you just don't know and it could really be your last time."

PAM is caused by an organism known as Naegleria fowleri, a microscopic amoeba that is commonly found in warm freshwater and soil across the world. It infects humans by entering through the nose -- usually while swimming or diving, and it causes a severe brain infection that is nearly always fatal.

Officials stress that infections are very rare. In fact, the last known case of PAM in Minnesota was reported in August 2010 after a 7-year-old girl named Annie Bahneman died from the same brain infection after swimming in Lily Lake. 

"The risk of infection from Naegleria in Minnesota is very low," said Richard Danila, assistant state epidemiologist, in a statement. "We do not want to discourage people from swimming. Rather, simply avoid swimming, diving or other activities in obviously stagnant water while temperatures are high and water levels are low."

Swimmers can take the following precautions to protect themselves during heat waves:

  • Keep your head above water
  • Use nose clips or hold your nose shut when submerged
  • Avoid stirring up sediment in shallow areas

PAM infections, while extremely rare, usually occur in warm, southern states. Between 2001 and 2011, only 40 cases were reported in the United States. Since 1925, there have only been 125 confirmed cases in the country.

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